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天津博物馆简介

    天津博物馆是一座历史艺术类综合性博物馆,其前身可追溯到1918年成立的天津博物院,是国内较早建立的博物馆之一。其收藏特色是中国历代艺术品和近现代历史文献、地方史料并重,现有古代青铜器、陶瓷器、法书、绘画、玉器、玺印、文房用具、甲骨、货币、邮票、敦煌遗书、竹木牙角器、地方民间工艺品及近现代历史文献等各类藏品近20万件,图书资料20万册。2007年底对外免费开放,2008年被评为国家一级博物馆。
    天津博物馆新馆位于天津文化中心区域内,于2008年开工建设,2012年落成并对外开放。新馆地上五层,地下一层,层叠错落;内部空间设计更融合了博物馆穿越时空隧道、连接未来之窗的理念,新颖独特。新馆总投资8.3亿元人民币,总建筑面积64003平方米,其中展厅面积14000平方米,库房面积11000平方米。新馆特设2800平米的临时交流展厅,除了基本陈列和馆藏文物专题陈列外,可以不定期举办国内外大型临时性特展;可容纳近400人的国际报告厅,设施设备一流,能够举办大型国际学术交流活动。新馆的建成充分满足了博物馆陈列展览、藏品管理、学术研究、文物保护与修复、社会教育等功能需求,是天津地区最大的集收藏、保护、研究、陈列、教育为一体的大型公益性文化机构和对外文化交流的窗口。
    天津博物馆新馆常设三个基本陈列:《天津人文的由来》(古代天津)、《中华百年看天津》(近代天津)和《耀世奇珍——馆藏文物精品陈列》,重点展示天津在中国近代化进程中的历史意义和重要地位,以及中华民族在数千年文明进程中积淀的丰厚物质遗存。2012年新馆开馆之际,依托天津博物馆历代艺术品收藏系统丰富的特色,特别策划展出书法、绘画、瓷器、玉器、吉祥文化、文房清供、民间艺术等8个文物艺术品专题陈列。

 

INTRODUCTION TO THE TIANJIN MUSEUM

 

The current Tianjin Museum can be traced back to a predecessor of the same name founded in 1918, making it one of the oldest museums in China. Over the past century the museum has amalgamated with numerous other museums and art galleries. Today the Tianjin Museum’s diverse collection includes over 200,000 objects and a 200,000-volume library, making the museum an institution that melds culture and history. In 2008 it was recognised as a first-grade Chinese museum.

 

The museum has a large, comprehensive, stand-alone collection of historical Chinese artefacts and artworks. Equally important are the museum’s modern historical documents, photographs and regional historical materials. These are a valuable historical resource, reflecting the social development and evolution of the Tianjin region since the late Qing dynasty. Together, these two elements form the highlights of the Tianjin Museum’s collection, and are the dual foundations for the museum’s work and development. Most striking among the museum’s historical artefacts and artworks are its oracle bones, jade ware, seals, ancient Dunhuang texts, paintings, calligraphy, ceramics, ink stones, postage stamps and local popular arts. These objects are numerous, in excellent condition, and of high material and artistic quality. Consequently the collection’s significance is widely acknowledged, among museums within China and internationally.

 

Work on the new Tianjin Museum building began in 2008, designed by the Architectural Design Department of South China University of Technology. This modern building has five split-level floors above ground and one basement floor, giving an expansive sense of space. The design of the museum’s interior innovatively and idiosyncratically combines corridors and windows that symbolise both the passage of time and links to the future. A total of 830 million RMB was invested in the new museum building, which spans a total area of 55,000 square metres, with galleries covering 16,900 square metres, 12,117 square metres of archives and 13279 square metres of public space. The building meets all the museum’s needs for display and exhibitions, collection management, academic research, conservation and restoration, and public education. It is the largest major public cultural institution in the Tianjin region, combining collection, preservation, research, display and education.

 

The new museum’s permanent exhibitions are based around the specific qualities of its collection. They illustrate Tianjin’s historical significance and important position in the course of china’s modernisation, alongside a wealth of material heritage accumulated over the millennial history of Chinese civilisation. The main permanent exhibitions are based on two historical periods: ancient Tianjin and modern Tianjin; in addition there are specialist permanent exhibitions of jade ware, painting, calligraphy, ceramics, auspicious objects, pure offerings of the scholar’s studio, and local popular arts. The 2,800-square-metre temporary exhibition space is available to accommodate major national and international exhibitions, incorporating material outside the main and specialist permanent exhibitions and enriching the cultural life of city residents. The international lecture theatre can accommodate close to 400 people and has state of the art facilities and equipment, making it ideal for fostering exchange by hosting major international academic events.

 

The new Tianjin Museum is founded on the richness of its collection and relies on the strengths of its own academic research. Making full use of its modernised venue and facilities, and cultivating innovation, the museum has a historical role of service to society as a public cultural institution. The museum intends to fully develop its role in Tianjin and the North China region as a major scholarly institution for the collection, preservation, research and exhibition of cultural heritage. As an institute of public education, the museum seeks to transmit the heritage of Chinese civilisation to future generations, to propagate cultural excellence and to enrich public understand. Moreover, the museum provides a service to society as a window of cultural exchange with the wider world.

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